MacArthur Water Gardens
 PondStuff!- MacArthur Water Gardens Monthly Newsletter . Great Stuff For Your Pond! 
September 2004 - The 'Hurricane' issue 
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Fellow pond lover

We apologize for getting this issue out late, but mother nature kept us pretty busy this month... with not one, not two or even three, but FOUR major hurricanes withing a very short time span...

For those of you who are counting, that was Charley, Frances, Ivan, and Jeanne. We escaped relatively unscathed (except for one demolished rental car - thanks Geico), just lots to clean up and lots of boarding up to do, and undo...

So this will be a short issue, but with a couple very interesting articles on pumps, lillies, and how to start preparing for winter. Enjoy!

in this issue
  • Cool-Weather Fish Feeding Facts
  • External vs. Submersible Pumps. Which one should you Use?
  • Hand Feeding your Koi

  • External vs. Submersible Pumps. Which one should you Use?
    For many people, it's never been a question of whether to use a submersible pump vs. an external pump because most people have smaller ponds and are used to just using a submersible pump. They're easy to install, and are pretty reliable - so why even consider an external pump?

    There are a couple of reasons...

    But before we go into that, let's briefly talk about the benefits of submersible pumps first. For obvious reasons, a submersible pump is named as such because it is designed to be placed in the pond, and submerged under the water.

    These are the easiest of all pumps to install, just drop them in the water and plug them in - and you're ready to do. Of course, you might have some quick plumbing to do, attaching a hose to the waterfall or to a submersible filter (another article entirely), but other than that - that's pretty much all there is to it.

    Click here to read the whole story... »

    Hand Feeding your Koi
    One of the most rewarding and entertaining things about having a Koi pond is when your fish finally start eating out of your hand. There is no better way to learn each fishes' personality and temperament than to have them nuzzle your fingers when they are hungry.

    The key to training your Koi to eat from your hand is patience and conditioning. Like any wild animal Koi have a natural distrust for anything that they think can hurt them, and you're plenty big enough to do that as far as they are concerned.

    If your goal is hand feeding then you need to start training from the very first time that you feed a new fish. Of course, it's not too late to start training your existing fish, but it's easier if you start out that way.

    If you have been feeding your fish by simply broadcasting the food on top of the water then stop doing that immediately. Instead, bring your feed bag next to the pond and kneel down. Then, place a few pellets in your hand, submerge your hand, and let the pellets slowly fall out....

    Read More About it... »

    Cool-Weather Fish Feeding Facts
    Last month, we talked about some warm weather feeding tips for your pond.

    Now that temperatures are cooling off in most parts of the country, now might be a good time to start feeding a wheat germ based diet to your fish, and feeding less often.

    Most 'Spring/Autumn' fish foods are primarily wheat germ based, and easier for your fish to digest. As water temperatures cool, there are less natrually occurring digestive enzymes inside your fish, so it's harder for them to digest their food.

    Goldfish and KOI do not have stomachs, just an intestinal tract that they use to absorb nutrients from their food. However, if they eat too much, or are fed a high protein diet in cooler months - they can get backed up - and even become sick...

    Click here to

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