Welcome to the introductory issue of our monthly water
In these newsletters, you'll get great tips and tricks,
how-to's and interesting articles that are all about pond
no stone unturned in our quest to bring you
up-to-the-minute, valuable information.
Plus, we'll have a surprise contest, now and then,
where you can win some pretty cool prizes right from
the pages of our catalogs and web site.
relax, and enjoy our new pond and water gardening
|Fish Health in Post Summer Heat
Summer is over, but for many of us - the heat remains.
Here a couple of things to do to keep your fish healthy
and your pond clear going into winter.
First, remember to keep your pond well aerated. This is
very important to your fish because the pond water
actually holds less oxygen at higher pond
temperatures. So if it's still hot in your part of the
country, keep those waterfalls and fountains running!
This will keep your pond water full of oxygen, and
reduce stress on your fish.
If you see your goldfish or KOI gasping at the surface,
it's a good sign that you don't have enough dissolved
oxygen in the water, and this can be dangerous.
Especially if you have a lot of green water algae in the
pond. This algae can absorb much of the oxygen in the
pond water at night and cause very low dissolved
oxygen levels during the day - which can be deadly to
One thing we recommend this time of year, is to do a
partial water change. Drain off 10 - 25% of your total
pond volume, and replace it with fresh, new
dechlorinated water. If possible, vacuum or drain
decaying organic matter and debris off the bottom to
reduce the ponds bio-load.
Read on... »
|Medicating Your Pond
Every pond owner with fish, at some time or another,
will probably have to medicate their pond. Fish are like
people, in the sense that they always carry some level
of bacteria or parasites in their body much like we carry
the common cold. Whether or not they develop a
problem is more a function of their immune system
becoming compromised. The best preventative for fish
health problems is maintaining excellent water quality.
The biggest factors in determining water quality are an
unclouded pond environment, adequate biological
filtration, minimal debris / sediment accumulation, and
sufficient water circulation / aeration.
If you notice that one or all of your fish appear to be
sick, the first step is to correctly diagnose the
problem. There are a wide variety of potential life
threatening fish illnesses, but they can be broken down
into two primary categories: bacterial infections and
parasitic infections. The medications used to treat the
different illnesses are usually very different, so properly
identifying between these two types of problems is
There are several excellent books that outline the
different kinds of fish / KOI diseases, so we will not go
into it in detail here. However, we can outline several
of the most obvious and common symptoms and
remedies. For bacterial infections
Full Story »
Recent advances in biological bead filtration have made
it possible for the average pond owner to maintain
clear, healthy water year round. These low
maintenance systems have brought the fun back into
owning a pond by eliminating the need for awkward
sponge and other submersible filters that are difficult to
clean. Many pond owners are now installing and
recommending bead filters for their backyard ponds.
Bead filters are filled with thousand of small poly-beads
which provide a much greater surface area for
beneficial bacteria to grow than traditional filters.
These beneficial bacteria are essential for breaking
down the toxins that are created by fish waste and
decaying organic matter in the pond.
A healthy pond environment, and the health of its
inhabitants, are directly related to water quality and
making sure that these toxic compounds are not
allowed to build up.
The other great advantage of bead filters are their
ability to clear the water much more efficiently that
traditional pond filters. By design, they trap particulate
matter that would ordinarily pass through a filter, and
then expel this waste during regular backwashing
cycles. Backwashing cycles vary, depending on filter
model, but generally are very easy and efficient.
Full Story »
|UV Sterilizers: Fact or Fiction
Algae control in a pond can be a real nuisance, but
suspended green algae or 'pea soup' is easily prevented
and eradicated from the pond with the use of a UV
Some people like to go the 'natural' route - and this is
great for smaller to medium sized ponds. Just add lots
of plants like Anachris, Water Hyacinths, and Water
Lily's - and you should have crystal clear water for
most of the season. The only downside to this is that
these plants don't over winter well in most parts of the
country (except hardy water lily's).
For medium to larger ponds (500 gallons and over), it's
usually not cost effective to replace all these plants
every season. For an easy and effective solution - we
recommend using a UV Sterilizer. A properly
sized UV will clear a pond in 3-4 days, and keep it clear
Here's how it works: Your pond water is pumped
through the UV unit, where it passes by a high intensity
UV bulb. The UV bulb actually damages the cell
structure of the suspended algae cells and alters its
DNA which prevents it from replicating. The result - no
more green water algae in your pond!
More on this topic »
|To Salt or Not to Salt...
The important question of whether or not to add salt to
your pond is often confusing for beginners and
forgotten by experienced pond-keepers.
To newbies and pro's alike we have this to say:
Salt Today to Keep the Fish Doctor Away"
True, there are some negative effects of higher salt
levels on plants in the pond, but overall we think it is
absolutely the very best thing you can add to your
pond in terms of keeping your fish happy and healthy.
Salt acts as a natural 'stress coat' and essentially
thickens the slime coat on the fish's body - which is it's
own natural defense system against bacteria and
Salt is also very effective in killing bacteria and
parasites in the pond. When added in proper doses,
salting your pond can dramatically reduce the threat of
disease affecting your fish.
It's just like with humans -
we are always exposed to the common cold cells in
their body, but can usually resist if their immune system
is strong. Similarly, pond fish and KOI are always
exposed to some degree of parasite and bacteria
presence in the pond, but by keeping their immune
system strong and their slime coat thick, you shouldn't