October 26, 2015

Today's Pond Q&A - 10-26-06

----------------------------------------------
Today's Pond Q&A

In this issue:

- Waterfalls in Winter

- Dangers of Releasing Koi into Natural Waters

- Keeping Water Snakes out of a Pond

- How to Declorinate When Doing Water Changes

----------------------------------------------


Question #1>

Hello Carolyn,

This the first winter that I am having koi in my pond and I would
like to know if i am supposed to turn off the filter. I have been
told to turn off my little waterfall and the my little water
feature so it does not pull the cold water down to the bottom of my
pond where my fish will be hibernating.

Thanks.

==

Answer #1>

Hello,

That information is correct. Use a de-icer to keep the water at a
more suitable temperature. What other dangers there are in leaving
a waterfall going would be in that the water can freeze and the
pipes will burst. That can be costly and inconvenient come spring.

Regards,
Carolyn

MacArthur Water Gardens carries de-icers. Click the
link below for additional information:

http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/Heaters/deicers.htm


_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/
SAVE ON OUR FALL/WINTER PRODUCT BUNDLES!

Fall Winter Kit for Smaller Ponds:
1 quart Microbe-Lift Autumn Prep,deicer, 14x14 pond netting,
and (2) 7 oz Tetra Wheatgerm Food.
Fall/Winter Kit #1 - $97.99 + $11 S&H

Fall/Winter Kit for Larger Ponds:
2 quarts Microbe-Lift Autumn Prep,deicer, 28x28 pond netting,
and (3) 14 oz Tetra Wheatgerm Food
Fall/Winter Kit #2 - $147.99 + $14 S&H

Click the link below or call 800-695-4913 to place your order.
HURRY! Offer expires Oct. 31, 2015

http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/fall-specials.htm
_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/


Question #2>

Hi Carolyn,

I started two years ago with a small 200 Gallon Pond with a
waterfall. My 3 Koi have grown from 6-8" to about 18" and several
pounds each. They have survived in the pond by having a Bio Filter
that is for a 1500 gallon pond.

With winter coming, I am considering releasing them into a nearby
large natural pond. Will they survive?

==

Answer #2>

Hi,

Not only would they survive, they would threaten native species and
endanger the balance of nature in your area! I can't stress this
too strongly that non-native species, such as koi, should never,
never be released into natural waters.

The now notorious kudzu vine that is eating up the south,
overtaking everything in its path, is a good example of an alien
import and what it can do to the environment.

In Maine, koi are outlawed, to own or to sell. Maine is taking
necessary steps to protect their native environs. If we are not
responsible with our fish, we will face the same legal
interventions not too far down the road.

Do not release these fish. If you cannot find a suitable home for
them, you have to humanely euthanize them. I'm sure if you
advertised properly, somebody would take them off your hands.

Regards,
Carolyn


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ENTER YOUR POND IN OUR 2015 GALLERIA!
Just send us 4 or 5 good pictures of your backyard pond
paradise along with a brief description of your pond
construction. Send your information to us at
pondpics@macarthurwatergardens.com
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Question #3>

Hi Carolyn,

I read your article about keeping herons out of ponds with much
interest. However my problem is not herons - at least not yet!

My problem is water snakes. We live by an irrigation ditch from
whence the snakes like to migrate to my pond in order to feast upon
my fish. One came out of the pond one time with a wiggling fish in
its maw which it proceeded to lay at my feet since the fish was too
big to eat.

I must have killed ten or eleven snakes this summer, having given
up trying to toss them back into the ditch to no avail. They always
came back for a visit. Any suggestions on how to keep water snakes
out of my pond?

==

Answer #3>

Hi,

You must have a den nearby. Snakes live in dens, like bees in
hives. I just received another question like this and my answer is
the same: remove any grasses, rocks and plants from around your
pond. The more open it is, the less cover the snakes will have.

Remember, even snakes have enemies and would prefer to stay under
cover. Hawks and eagles would relish a snake for lunch. Is this
why we first began mowing our lawns, to prevent unwanted guests in
the grass?

You can also put netting around the pond, secured in the ground
around the pond, to a height of about 2-3' which may keep them out
of the water. Like any predator, if you make it difficult enough,
they will go elsewhere. Is there any other way of making a wall or
barrier between you and the irrigation ditch?

Oh, and remember, never try to shoot a snake by your pond. The
bullet will make a big leak in the liner and you will probably miss
the snake.

Regards,
Carolyn


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LOOKING FOR TOPICAL WATER GARDEN INFORMATION?
Check out our online article archive at the link below:
http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/articles.htm
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Question #4>

Hi Carolyn,

My question is about adding water when do a water change. If I hose
tap water directly to the pond and add chlorine neutralizer at the
same time will it work? Or do I have to neutralize the water first
before I put it in the pond? If this is the case is hard to find a
big spare container.

Do you have a way to neutralize chlorine first before you add that
water to the pond ( 3000Gal and 15% water change).

==

Answer #4>

Hi,
I actually add dechlorinator as the water is refilling, directly to
the pond. I just need to know how much water I am putting in so I
can measure the right amount of dechlor. Ideally, the container of
dechlorinated water is the best solution, but not necessarily the
easiest.

Regards,
Carolyn

MacArthur Water Gardens carries Pond Fresh filters that attach to
your garden hose and remove harmful chemicals from your tap water,
including Chlorine, Chloramines, and Heavy Metals.

http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/pond-fresh.htm


========== @SK Carolyn =================
Have a pond question? Just send it in
to: Carolyn@macarthurwatergardens.com
and our own in-house pond expert will
try and answer it for you! Write POND
in the subject line for quick response!
========================================


Happy Pondkeeping!

Brett Fogle
MacArthur Water Gardens
www.macarthurwatergardens.com

© MacArthur Water Gardens
PO Box 3628
Alpharetta, GA 30023-3628


Posted by bfogle at 12:00 PM | Comments (0)

October 24, 2015

Today's Pond Q&A 10-24-06 More Winterizing Tips


----------------------------------------------
Today's Pond Q&A

In this issue:

- Will Koi Overwinter Okay in a Shallow Pond?

- Overwintering Pond Plants

- Overwintering Tropical Lilies

- Overwintering in California

----------------------------------------------


Question #1>

Hello Carolyn,

I live on L.I. and have a 300 gal pond approx 18"deep. Last winter
all I had ws gold fish and they surveved fine, This yer I added koi
one of which is approx 20". Will he be ok in that shallow of a
pond.

Thanks.

==

Answer #1>

Hello,

That depends entirely on how you care for the pond. If you use a
de-icer, the fish should be alright. if not, then I doubt in a
cold spell if the koi will survive.

The Farmers' Almanac predicts colder than normal winter for us
this year, with lots of precipitation in the form of snow.
If Buffalo is any indication, I'd say the FA is on the money.

Last year, if you remember, we basically did not even have winter,
so of course you didn't have a problem. This year even the goldfish
might be in trouble.

You do know, don't you, that on Long Island we have an 18" frost line?
That means ice will freeze down to 18", solid. Nothing will live
in solid ice. So it's up to you to prevent that from happening.

Regards,
Carolyn

MacArthur Water Gardens carries de-icers. Click the
link below for additional information:

http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/Heaters/deicers.htm


_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/
SAVE ON OUR FALL/WINTER PRODUCT BUNDLES!

Fall Winter Kit for Smaller Ponds:
1 quart Microbe-Lift Autumn Prep,deicer, 14x14 pond netting,
and (2) 7 oz Tetra Wheatgerm Food.
Fall/Winter Kit #1 - $97.99 + $11 S&H

Fall/Winter Kit for Larger Ponds:
2 quarts Microbe-Lift Autumn Prep,deicer, 28x28 pond netting,
and (3) 14 oz Tetra Wheatgerm Food
Fall/Winter Kit #2 - $147.99 + $14 S&H

Click the link below or call 800-695-4913 to place your order.
HURRY! Offer expires Oct. 31, 2015

http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/fall-specials.htm
_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/


Question #2>

Hi Carolyn,

This is our first year for a pond. We have really enjoyed it this
summer. now it is time to get it ready for winter.we were told to
bring the plants in. We live in Indiana and the winters can get
quite cold. tell us what we need to do so we do not need to replace
all the plants we bought this year. Thank you

==

Answer #2>

Hi,

Some plants, like hardy water lilies, will overwinter just fine in
the bottom of the pond. Others, like tropical water lilies,
parrot's feather, water hyacinth, and water lettuce, have to be
brought indoors or replaced next year.

Unless you have a nice warm, very sunny place to put them for the
winter, you might not be able to over winter them anyway. A fish
tank with circulating pump and filter, with a good light overhead,
is the best way I have found to overwinter water plants.

Regards,
Carolyn


_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/
ENTER YOUR POND IN OUR 2015 GALLERIA!
Just send us 4 or 5 good pictures of your backyard pond
paradise along with a brief description of your pond
construction. Send your information to us at
pondpics@macarthurwatergardens.com
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Question #3>

Hi Carolyn,

What is the best way to over-winter my tropical lilies. I live in
north-central Indiana, zone 5.

Thank you!

==

Answer #3>

Hi,

There are two ways to overwinter tropical lilies: the aquarium
method and the tuber method.

For the tuber method, according to Greg Speichert of Water
Gardening Magazine (in an article printed in the Microbe-Lift
Watergardener magazine) ďbring the lily inside to a cool, dark
place before the first frost. Let it gradually go dry over a few
weeks. Remove spent flowers and foliage.

When the lily is dormant, remove the pot and find the nut-like
tuber in the soil. Wash the tuber so that it is free of soil and
cut off any remnant roots to the base of the tuber. Place the
tuber in damp (not wet!) sand or peat moss in a plastic container
with a lid. Poke a few holes in the lid to allow for air
circulation. If desired, treat the tuber with fungicide before
storing it away for the winter.

Keep the container in a cool, dark, place such as a garage,
basement or a wine cooler set at 55-60FÖ Check the tuber often to
make sure that it is not soft or discolored and to ensure that the
sand or peat moss has not dried out completely. When spring
returns, repot the lily and return it to the pond.Ē

For the aquarium method, Greg recommends taking the plant out of
the pond, again before the first frost and trimming off excess
foliage and roots. Then repot the tuber in a smaller pond. You
will want to cover the pot with several inches of water over the
crown of the plant. Put a heater in the water to keep it at a
constant 70-75F and use a grow-light about 12Ē over it. Donít
fertilize the lily.

Regards,
Carolyn


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LOOKING FOR TOPICAL WATER GARDEN INFORMATION?
Check out our online article archive at the link below:
http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/articles.htm
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Question #4>

Hi Carolyn,

You write a great deal about wintering over in the colder climates.
Our 1600 gallon, 3 ft. deep pond is in Southern California.

Can you provide any guidance on how best to adjust the pond for
winter in California? And how would you minimize the String Algae
Bloom that seems to fire up every winter?

Thank you very much for all your information. It has been a great help.

==

Answer #4>

Hi,

There's a very good reason for that. I have lived most of my life
in the colder climate, so that's what I know best. Wherever you
live, going by water temperatures does not change. Do you even
have winter, per se?

The string algae bloom is simply replacing the planktonic pea soup
variety, I imagine. Depending upon the water temperature in So
Cal, you might need to stop feeding if they drop to 50F at any
time. At that time, the fish should eat the algae during any warm
spells until the weather and temperatures consistently maintain
above 50-55F again.

Do you use beneficial bacteria to help break down fish waste? Do
you use Barley Straw Pellets or Barley Straw Concentrated Extract
to help with your algae growth? Do you have adequate filtration?
Do you have too many fish, or have they outgrown their environment?

These are some of the situations that would make the algae problem
worse wherever you live. I will be moving to south Florida soon
and can better advise people in the south later on, from personal
experience.

Regards,
Carolyn

MacArthur Water Gardens carries barley straw extract and concentrated
pellets. Click the link below for additional information:

Microbe Lift Barley Straw Extract:
http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/ml-barley-straw.htm
Summit Barley Straw:
http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/summit/summit-pond-supplies.shtml
Other Barley Straw Products:
http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/barley-straw.htm


========== @SK Carolyn =================
Have a pond question? Just send it in
to: Carolyn@macarthurwatergardens.com
and our own in-house pond expert will
try and answer it for you! Write POND
in the subject line for quick response!
========================================


Happy Pondkeeping!

Brett Fogle
MacArthur Water Gardens
www.macarthurwatergardens.com

© MacArthur Water Gardens
PO Box 3628
Alpharetta, GA 30023-3628

Posted by bfogle at 11:45 PM | Comments (0)

October 17, 2015

Today's Pond Q&A - 10-17-26

----------------------------------------------
Today's Pond Q&A

In this issue:


- String Algae for Winter Feeding

- Best Configuration for Submersible Pumps

- Winterizing in Zone 7

- Solutions to Heron Problems

----------------------------------------------


Question #1>

Hello Carolyn,

I have a lot of string algae, I want to get rid of it before I shut
down my pond for winter, so here in central Illinois I have only
another month to get this done. What do I need to get to get rid
string algae? I am sure you have answered this question several
times before but please one more time.

Thanks.

==

Answer #1>

Hello,

Gee, I hope I get this to you before you remove all the string
algae. If you have fish in the pond, you will need to leave the
algae for them to eat over the winter months, especially in central
Illinois. On those days when the warmth gets the fish up and
swimming, but we donít want to take the chance of feeding them not
knowing what tomorrow will bring, itís the algae that will sustain
them.

Regards,
Carolyn


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ARE YOU LOOKING FOR TOPICAL WATER GARDEN INFORMATION?
Check out our online article archive at the link below:
http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/articles.htm
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Question #2>

Hi Carolyn,

We have a pond that we dug ourselves. The main pond itself measures
about 4' x 6' with a maximum depth range of 6" to 2 1/2' at the
center part. Then we have a stream of about 8' long. We have been
using a beckett pump that is no larger than a 400 gallon pump. The
problem we're having is that the pump bearings are going bad. This
is a submersible pump and we don't know what to do.

Our concern is that this is our 3rd pump in two years. We're just
getting a bit concerned that it might be something we are or are
not doing right. Where would be the best place to put the pump, in
the shallow end (stream side) pumping up to the pond, or in the
deep end drawing the water from the shallow end? We really
appreciate any help and suggestions as we are definitely novices.
Can you help us figure this out.

==

Answer #2>

Hi,

Pumps are generally guaranteed for a year and most times will last
up to five years per pump if cared for properly (although no
guarantees). Even at one year, you are burning up pumps too
quickly.

The pump should not be sitting on the bottom where it sucks up
debris. That will burn out a pump quickly. You can position the
pump up on a milk crate, off the ground, where it doesn't collect
anything that will get into the impeller.

I was told a long time ago that submersible pumps do not belong in
a pond. I realize that sounds contradictory, but there are better
ways to utilize a submersible pump. I have a quarantine tank that
uses a submersible pump. The pump is not in the tank. It is in
the filter, outside the tank, at the end of a long line of filter
media, in the cleanest water available, pumping water back into the
tank rather than pushing it out.

You can do the same thing with your pond. Water always seeks its
own level, so it will pull water from the pond into the filter by
gravity flow. Make sense? Much easier on the pump to pump clean
water than dirty water. Also, the debris will be filtered out
easier this way rather than having been pureed by a pump motor
first. It gets "grabbed" by filter media best when it's still in
big pieces.

Regards,
Carolyn

MacArthur Water Gardens carries submersible pumps. Click the
link below for additional information:

http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/submersible.htm


_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/
ENTER YOUR POND IN OUR 2015 GALLERIA!
Just send us 4 or 5 good pictures of your backyard pond
paradise along with a brief description of your pond
construction. Send your information to us at
pondpics@macarthurwatergardens.com
_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/


Question #3>

Hi Carolyn,

Could you give some information on winterizing our pond here in west
texas? we live in zone 7 and we have sunshine at least 200 days a
year!

We have lilies and water spearmint along with the mossy plant
that floats ....we've done real well for our 1st 7 months as
ponders but we are at loss about how to winterize in our
climate.any information you can give us would help.

Thanks ever so...

==

Answer #3>

Hi,

Why, it doesn't sound like you GET winter... Do you? Actually, I
lived in Paris, TX, for a few years and I know Texas has winter. I
remember ice storms and even snow. I remember having to put on a
sweatshirt a time or two.

But for your pond, winterizing will very much depend upon the water
temperatures, not the air or what's going on around you. If you
have water lilies, and they are the hardy variety, then all you
have to do is trim off any yellowing leaves and stems. I am
guessing the mossy floating plant may be Azolla which, if it dies,
can easily be replaced, no?

Any plant that is not going to survive your winter temperatures
must be removed from the pond. Clean-up is your biggest
fall/winter job with a pond. You don't want to leave any debris on
the bottom either.

And if you have fish in there, stop feeding when the water is in
the 50F range.

Regards,
Carolyn


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Question #4>

Hi Carolyn,

We have a heron for the first time & it tried to eat one of our
large koi. It couldn't get it down because it was too big, but of
course it died. Any remedy for keeping heron away?

My brother has recently told me of a sprinkler that is associated
with a motion sensor that might be helpful in shooooooing predators
away from the pond. This seems to be a more attractive solution
than net. As well this might even spice up the whole pond
experience, adding a mission impossible element and all. Have you
heard of such a contraption? Does it work well? Where to find one.

==

Answer #4>

Hi,

There are many remedies, but these birds have excellent memories and
great eyesight. They will always find their way back to your pond.
The trick is to make them remember it as a not-so-nice place next
time. I have used clear monofilament fishing line, strung tightly
back and forth across and around the pond, back as far as 3' from
the pond, so that they bird had to jump over each string. After a
couple of jumps, it gets tired of all that and hopefully decides to
go find an easier place to fish.

That would be the motion-sensor-activated scarecrow and you can find
it at http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/scarecrow.htm.

They will work but you should move it around so the birds donít
get used to it being in one spot.

Regards,
Carolyn

MacArthur Water Gardens carries decoys and other anti-predator
products. Click the link below for additional information:

http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/decoys.htm


_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/
SAVE ON OUR FALL/WINTER PRODUCT BUNDLES!

Fall Winter Kit for Smaller Ponds:
1 quart Microbe-Lift Autumn Prep,deicer, 14x14 pond netting,
and (2) 7 oz Tetra Wheatgerm Food.
Fall/Winter Kit #1 - $97.99 + $11 S&H

Fall/Winter Kit for Larger Ponds:
2 quarts Microbe-Lift Autumn Prep,deicer, 28x28 pond netting,
and (3) 14 oz Tetra Wheatgerm Food
Fall/Winter Kit #2 - $147.99 + $14 S&H

Click the link below or call 800-695-4913 to place your order.
HURRY! Offer expires Oct. 31, 2015
http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/fall-specials.htm
_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/

========== @SK Carolyn =================
Have a pond question? Just send it in
to: Carolyn@macarthurwatergardens.com
and our own in-house pond expert will
try and answer it for you! Write POND
in the subject line for quick response!
========================================


Happy Pondkeeping!

Brett Fogle
MacArthur Water Gardens
www.macarthurwatergardens.com

© MacArthur Water Gardens
PO Box 3628
Alpharetta, GA 30023-3628

Posted by bfogle at 11:51 PM | Comments (0)

October 12, 2015

Today's Pond Q&A 10-12-06

----------------------------------------------
In this issue:

- Overwintering Turtles - UPDATE!
- Koi with "Open Mouth"
- Pond Pump Clogging Up
- Clearing Up Murky, Tea-Colored Water
- Scheduling a Fall Pond Cleaning

----------------------------------------------


UPDATE FROM CAROLYN ON OVERWINTERING TURTLES:

My friend that leaves his turtles out in his pond says that
he DOESN'T leave the filters running. If one turtle dies
the bacteria can kill all the other turtles. He says that
happened to him one year, so DON'T leave the filters running!

Question #1>

Hello Carolyn,

I have a pond 4ft. deep approx 7000 gal.I recently noticed one of
the ten Koi in the pond to be swimming on the bottom and not
staying with the others. Upon closer examination I found that the
fish had its mouth open all the time.

I've checked water balance and all checks well. I have an Aqua bead
filter system, change 25% water weekly and all the other fish
appear to be fine.

In the past three days the problem fish has started to be very
active and is again staying with the other Koi. His mouth is still
open and it doesn't appear that he even trys to close it (possibly
unable to?). It now feeds by forcing food into its mouth with speed
as it can not grab the food.

Any idea of what the problem could have been or what may have
caused it? The pond is about eighteen months old. Thank you in
advance and I love your web site.

==

Answer #1>

Hello,

YES, I DO!! I was just reading Dr. Erik Johnson's book today, Koi
Health & Disease, and there is a section on Open Mouth in koi. The
problem is often a rock or acorn, something lodged in there that
won't allow the fish to close the mouth. It will be a serious
problem with eating.

You need to catch the fish and examine the mouth. After catching
the fish, I would recommend using Eugenol (5 drops/10 gallons) to
anesthetize the fish so you can examine the mouth and gills for
foreign objects and resulting damage.

It won't be long before the fish has a secondary bacterial
infection and goes downhill...

Regards,
Carolyn


_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/
ARE YOU LOOKING FOR TOPICAL WATER GARDEN INFORMATION?
Check out our online article archive at the link below:
http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/articles.htm
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Question #2>

Hi Carolyn,

My Blagdon 3 in 1 Filter (for ponds up to 350 gal) needs to be
cleaned out every 4 or 5 days. I had hoped it would be energetic
for much longer than this ( e.g. up to a couple of weeks at least).

I've got a Pondmaster MKII 1300 fountain pump which can process
100llL per hour so I think the pump and filter are well matched.

The pond water is fairly clear but I just know the fountain pump
will once again become clogged with green stuff in another couple
of days and back I go to clean it out.

Is there something I can do to make this a longer term action?

==

Answer #2>

Hi,

if you raise the pump off the bottom you will not collect so much
debris. Or if you place it somewhere other than beneath the
waterfall where it is constantly turbulent, I think it will be more
satisfactory for you.

Do you have a sock over the pump to keep out debris? Do you have a
UV light to kill some of the free-floating algae? And are you
doing water changes to limit the nitrate and phosphate levels that
are creating that green stuff?

Regards,
Carolyn


_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/
ENTER YOUR POND IN OUR 2015 GALLERIA!
Just send us 4 or 5 good pictures of your backyard pond
paradise along with a brief description of your pond
construction. Send your information to us at
pondpics@macarthurwatergardens.com
_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/


Question #3>

Hi Carolyn,

I have a 1200 gallon pond with 3 large koi and 25+ 6 inch or more
goldfish, with a Medium Fishmate biofilter with a UV that's
supposed to made for ponds up to 2000 gallons or more.

My question is I have had a problem with murky, tea-colored water
for the last two years and can't seem to get my pond clear to the
bottom.

I use Microbe Lift products, change out some water, 10%-20% every
other week or so, and clean the filter at that time too.I have
vacuumed the bottom and there usually is minimal sludge, little
leaves. I don't have a big problem of leaves falling in the pond in
spring or summer, but Im not sure if I have a little runoff either.

What I'd like to know is how to clear up this murkiness and do I
need to upgrade to a bigger filter system just due to fish load. I
would like to have another with a UV to keep the algae at bay.

Thanks Carolyn!

==

Answer #3>

Hi,

You need to size your filter for the fish load, not the amount of
water. Sure, the pump will be sized according to how much water
you need to push, but the filter has to handle all the fish waste
and environmental debris that lands in the pond. It's a very big
job... and fish keep growing all the time! On top of that, we
enjoy feeding them. So there is a lot of stuff going into the pond
which a filter has to take out.

The murkiness may be a combination of leaves and algae in your
system. It can be in the filter, stuck between rocks, or laying
very quietly on the bottom. The leaves don't have to be large to
discolor water.

This time of year I would recommend using Microbe-Lift/Autumn
Winter Prep with the cold weather liquid bacteria and water soluble
packets of cellulase enzyme to accelerate breakdown of leaf matter.

Then, in spring, for good measure, use the Spring Summer Cleaner in
case you missed any leaves. Unless you have a bottom drain, you
will have leaves and other stuff collecting on the bottom from time
to time. The AWP and SSC can do a good job at cleaning it up. If
you have a net to cover the pond and prevent some leaves from
entering, all the better.

As far as runoff goes, do you use colored mulch?? If so, stop
using that and go with stones next year. Let's get this thing
cleared up once and for all.

Regards,
Carolyn

MacArthur Water Gardens carries Microbe Lift products. Click the
ink below for additional information:

http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/microbe-lift.htm

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NOW AVAILABLE: ALPHA1 CONVERSION KITS FOR AQUABEAD FILTERS
Discover the newest breakthrough in pond filtration technology
for your pond. The new AlphaOneTM biological filter media will
provide years of crystal- clear water for your pond, with
virtually no maintenance. This media is 'self cleaning' and
does not require frequent backflushing of your filter.
Turbo charge your filter today with Alpha One!
http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/alpha1upgrade.htm
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Question #4>

Hi Carolyn,

I've been reading your Q&A for some time and enjoy them very
much. My question is I want to clean my 11,000 gl pond before winter
really sets in. I live in western Colorado so the winters are not
too bad. I plan to remove the fish and place them into a stock
tank during the cleaning process (2 days).

Should I do this before the water temp goes below 50 and the fish
are still very active, or should I wait until they are more calm.
I understand that I need to treat the new water before I place
them back into the pond.

What is your thought on this?

==

Answer #4>

Hi,

There are pros and cons about moving the fish after the temperatures
drop below 50F. Netting and moving fish is stressful at any time
of the year and will elicit a stress-hormone response. If the fish
arenít able to relax and recover from this experience, or consider
this too traumatic, they could conceivably die.

I think it might be less toxic for them to have the work done
before the temperatures drop that low. Their ability to recover is
greater in warmer water.

Be sure you have a good strong net over the top of that tank
because I had one of my fish jump out this past weekend, even with
a net over it. Nearly lost her.

Regards,
Carolyn

========== @SK Carolyn =================
Have a pond question? Just send it in
to: Carolyn@macarthurwatergardens.com
and our own in-house pond expert will
try and answer it for you! Write POND
in the subject line for quick response!
========================================


Happy Pondkeeping!

Brett Fogle
MacArthur Water Gardens
www.macarthurwatergardens.com

© MacArthur Water Gardens
PO Box 3628
Alpharetta, GA 30023-3628


Posted by bfogle at 11:10 PM | Comments (0)

October 11, 2015

Today's Pond Q&A: Winterizing Tips

----------------------------------------------
Today's Pond Q&A

In this issue:

- Maintaining Water Quality in Winter

- Overwintering Turtles

- Overwintering Water Hyacinth

- Overwintering Frogs

----------------------------------------------

Question #1>

Hello Carolyn,

I have been reading your articles religiously. I followed your
suggestion to change pond water 25% weekly and apply microbe-Lift
for each change. My water is not only crystal clear but my Kois and
their babies are very happy in it.

My question is: How do I maintain the pond using the same process
in the winter. I live in Maryland and winter is very cold thus
freezing the pond solid. I use two pond de-icers but how do you
maintain the water quality in this condition?

Thanks for your help.

==

Answer #1>

Hello,

Thatís easyójust switch to MICROBE-LIFT/Autumn Winter Prep. The
bacteria in that formulation is psychrophilic, cold weather
bacterium, and will work at temperatures 55F and below.

It comes with a couple of water soluble packets containing
cellulase enzymes to speed up the process of biodegrading any leaf
matter that ends up in the pond. Use these packets 2 weeks after
leaves start falling in your area. The ML/AWP is a 4 month
application, once monthly, and should begin when the water is
around 55-60F.

Regards,
Carolyn


MacArthur Water Gardens carries Microbe Lift products, including
Autumn Winter Prep. Click the link below for additional information:

http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/microbe-lift.htm

_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/
ARE YOU LOOKING FOR TOPICAL WATER GARDEN INFORMATION?
Check out our online article archive at the link below:
http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/articles.htm
_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/


Question #2>

Hi Carolyn,

Thank you first for helping us all! Now my question is,
I have a 7 month old pond approx 3000 gallons around five feet
deep, I keep Koi, goldfish and Red ear slider Turtles, I have
finally figured out how to keep the water clear, thanks to your
website.

Winter is coming, and I usually hibernate my turtles, mainly
because I did not have a pond. Would you recommend me taking them
out and hibernating them or should I just let them be?, I donít
want to lose them.

Another thing is can I run my pump year round or will it freeze.
Temperatures in Tx, sometimes surprise us.

Thank You!!!!

==

Answer #2>

Hi,

I lived in northeast Texas for a while and will always remember the
ice storms and one year a 2Ē blizzard. Those were the good old
days.

Anyway, I have a friend up here on Long Island, NY who keeps
a pond full of red eared sliders, which are native to these waters
and woods and quite capable of overwintering in the pond. He
doesnít have any problem with leaving his turtles outside, in the
pond. He leaves the filter system running.

Regards,
Carolyn


_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/
ENTER YOUR POND IN OUR 2015 GALLERIA!
Just send us 4 or 5 good pictures of your backyard pond
paradise along with a brief description of your pond
construction. Send your information to us at
pondpics@macarthurwatergardens.com
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Question #3>

Hi Carolyn,

Winter will soon be here in Michigan and I would like to know the
best way to keep some Water Hyacinth plants. I don't think they
would survive outside so I may try butting a few in my basement.
Should I trim off the foliage and keep them damp or What ?

Thanks

==

Answer #3>

Hi,

Water Hyacinth is a tropical plant so it would not survive outdoors
in Michigan. In order to overwinter indoors, you will need to have
very bright sunlight or full-spectrum lighting for them in a
circulated tank. Keep them warm.

The leaves tend to be very small when indoors and some will make it,
some wonít. Donít fertilize them. You may find aphids on them which
can be washed off with Insecticidal Soap. I guess itís worth a try.

Regards,
Carolyn

_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/
NOW AVAILABLE:
ALPHA1 CONVERSION KITS FOR AQUABEAD FILTERS
Discover the newest breakthrough in pond filtration technology
for your pond. The new AlphaOneTM biological filter media will
provide years of crystal- clear water for your pond, with
virtually no maintenance. This media is 'self cleaning' and
does not require frequent backflushing of your filter.
Turbo charge your filter today with Alpha One!http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/alpha1upgrade.htm
_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/


Question #4>

Hi Carolyn,

My pond is doing just fine, however, over the summer we put a few
frogs in the pond, however, it is now getting cooler at night(long
Island, NY), and I'm not sure what the frogs need in the pond to
hibernate, or would it just be easier to catch them and bring them
in for the winter. We will be leaving the Koi in the pond as it is
approx. 5-6 feet deep. We were thinking of putting some dirt on
the one side as it was dug with some shelves. Hope you have some
ideas. Thanks.

==

Answer #4>

Hi,

I do not recommend putting dirt into the pond. No dirt in ponds,
ever. But you can dig a 2-3í hold beside the pond and fill with
peat moss, sand and leaves for the frogs to hibernate in. If it is
against the house it will also stay warmer for them.

The problem is that they will have to find it themselves. If you try
to put them in it, they wonít stay there. If they are green frogs,
leopard frogs or bullfrogs, they should overwinter okay outdoors on LI.

Regards,
Carolyn

========== @SK Carolyn =================
Have a pond question? Just send it in
to: Carolyn@macarthurwatergardens.com
and our own in-house pond expert will
try and answer it for you! Write POND
in the subject line for quick response!
========================================


Happy Pondkeeping!

Brett Fogle
MacArthur Water Gardens
www.macarthurwatergardens.com

© MacArthur Water Gardens
PO Box 3628
Alpharetta, GA 30023-3628

Posted by bfogle at 01:55 PM | Comments (0)

October 07, 2015

Water Changes / Pond Slime

----------------------------------------------
Today's Pond Q&A

In this issue:

- Question about Water Changes

- Pond Slime

----------------------------------------------

Question #1>

Hello Carolyn,

When I do the 25% water changes I always add a product to neutralize
the chlorine and chloramines, but doesn't the addition of the new
water kill off all the good bacteria that I have created when I add
Microbe-lift? With a big pond it gets very expensive to have to
add Microbe-lift every time I add water. I have a bead filter.
Thank you for all your great columns.

==

Answer #1>

Hello,

New water is very beneficial for a pond. If you werenít using the
chlorine and chloramine neutralizer, you would certainly kill the
bacteria, but once you neutralized those chemicals you made the
water safe for all concerned. The fish and the bacteria thank you.

And you do not have to add Microbe-Lift every time you add water.
Initially, you add it once a week and then as per directions, you
cut it back to once a month. When doing a water change you are NOT
losing any of the bacteria. The bacteria are stationary, stuck on
a rock, in the filter, and on the sides of the pond, within the
first 1-2 days after you add a dosage. You canít see it and you
canít wash it out. The chlorine would harm it but you took care of
that.

Regards,
Carolyn


MacArthur Water Gardens carries Microbe Lift products. Click the
ink below for additional information:

http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/microbe-lift.htm


_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/
Enter Your Pond in our 2015 Pond Galleria!
Just send us 4 or 5 good pictures of your backyard pond
paradise, and we'll include you in the galleria. Send
your pictures and a brief description to us at pondpics@macarthurwatergardens.com
_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/_/


Question #2>

Hi Carolyn,

My skimmer net is clogged with slime/gunk every day. I have to clean
it every day as the slime slows the flow down just enough to run
the auto filler and thus send extra water out the overflow, any
ideas on how to get rid of the slime.

==

Answer #2>

Hi,

I think you need to look at what is causing the slime in the first
place. This doesnít sound healthy. I think itís time for you to
upgrade your filter system.

You should not be relying solely on a skimmer to remove waste from
the pond.

Regards,
Carolyn


MacArthur Water Gardens carries external and biological filters.
Click the links below for additional information:

External: http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/R/external-filters.htm

Biological: http://www.macarthurwatergardens.com/biological.shtml


========== @SK Carolyn =================
Have a pond question? Just send it in
to: Carolyn@macarthurwatergardens.com
and our own in-house pond expert will
try and answer it for you! Write POND
in the subject line for quick response!
========================================


Happy Pondkeeping!

Brett Fogle
MacArthur Water Gardens
www.macarthurwatergardens.com

© MacArthur Water Gardens
PO Box 3628
Alpharetta, GA 30023-3628

Posted by bfogle at 12:21 AM | Comments (0)