Article 3 - Backyard
Backyard ponds and water gardens are for birds, butterflies, frogs,
fish, and you and your family. These fish ponds are typically small,
sometimes no larger than 3 to 4 feet in diameter.
They may be built in barrels or other patio containers. Water is
effective in drawing wildlife to your backyard. It is also a natural,
relaxing, and scenic addition that can provide interest and enjoyment.
Consider locating your backyard pond where you can see it from
a deck or patio. Have it blend in with its natural surroundings.
Elevate the soil around the fish pond slightly so that excess water
will flow away from the garden pond, not into it.
Make sure that
any drainage from the fish pond is away from your house. If you
plan to use a pond pump to recirculate water, use a pond filter,
or light the area, be sure electrical service is available. There
will be less maintenance if your backyard pond is not under trees.
Most aquatic plants will grow better in full sun.
Pond liners keep water from seeping into the soil.
Even in heavy clay soils, a liner is necessary pond supply. You can
buy rigid backyard pond liners in a variety of shapes. These are
durable and may include built-in waterfalls.
Many are quite small. Use a pond liner
specifically designed for pools. While other plastics initially may
be cheaper, many are not resistant to ultraviolet light and will
break down quickly. Some plastics may also be toxic to fish.
A thicker liner tends to be more resistant to
punctures. While expensive and requiring more expertise to install,
cement is also an option as a pool liner.
You can put in a backyard pond anytime the ground
is not frozen or overly wet. If using a pre-formed backyard pond
liner, dig a hole to the correct depth and slightly wider.
Insert the backyard pond liner, making sure it is
level and sits securely in the ground. Backfill around the sides.
Add water, pond pump, and plants. Complete landscaping around the